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Spaghetti Bolognese

(recipe, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall & Fizz Carr)

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Once you've learned how to make spag bol, you've begun to master a range of skills that will introduce you to a whole family of different recipes. The ingredients may vary quite a lot from recipe to recipe, but the techniques remain the same: the proper browning of meat, the slow sautéing of vegetables in oil or butter, the gentle stewing of meat in a highly flavored sauce. Changes in ingredients, spices, herbs, and quantities make for completely different end results. Add potato, chile, and cumin to a very similar sort of stew and you get a Latin American picadillo to eat with tortillas and rice. Make the stew meatier and less tomatoey, ladle it into a dish, cover it with buttery mashed potatoes, then bake it in the oven, and you have cottage pie. A similar stew, well seasoned with cumin and chile and simmered with beans, gives you chili con carne.


  1. 1 medium onion
  2. 1 large carrot
  3. 2 celery stalks
  4. 3 Tbsp. olive oil
  5. 1 lb. ground beef
  6. 2 Tbsp. butter
  7. Salt
  8. 2 garlic cloves
  9. 2 cups tomato purée
  10. 2 bay leaves
  11. Black pepper
  12. White wine, 1 large glass (about ¾ cup)
  13. ¾ cup organic vegetable or chicken stock
  14. 1 cup milk
  15. Spaghetti or dried tagliatelle, about 1 pound
  16. Parmesan cheese, to serve


  1. Make the sauce: Peel the onion and carrot. Trim the celery and give it a wash if it looks muddy. Chop the vegetables fairly finely. You need roughly equal quantities of each. Set the prepared vegetables to one side while you get ready to fry the meat.
  2. Spoon the olive oil into the pan, tilt the pan around to cover the surface evenly, then put the pan on the stove and turn the heat to high. Let the oil get really good and hot, almost but not quite smoking. Add the meat and spread it in a layer across the pan with the wooden spoon. Let it sit, without stirring, and cook for 3 to 4 minutes, until it starts to turn brown underneath — not just change color from pink to beige. (If it sticks in a couple of places, it doesn't matter at all. In fact, it's a good thing, because those little burnt bits are actually where the juices in the meat have caramelized on the hot pan and are going to give your sauce plenty of flavor.)
  3. Turn the meat over with the wooden spoon to let the other side brown in the same way, breaking up the lumps with the back of your spoon if necessary. When you think it's cooked enough, use the slotted spoon to transfer the meat from the pan to a bowl or plate at the side of the stove. Turn down the heat.
  4. Add the butter to the pan. Add the onion, carrot, celery, and a good sprinkling of salt, and stir them into the butter, scraping up all the meaty bits that have stuck to the bottom of the pan. Put the lid on and let the vegetables "sweat" over a very low heat for about 10 minutes, stirring from time to time, until they soften and seem to shrink.
  5. Peel the garlic and chop it very finely. Add it to the pan and fry the mixture a minute or two longer. Add the tomato purée and bay leaves, then grind in some pepper and give everything a good stir. Return the meat to the pan and pour in the wine and stock. Stir in the milk.
  6. Bring the mixture to a simmer, cover the pan with the lid, and keep the heat very low so that the ragu cooks very gently. Stir from time to time. It should bubble away for at least an hour, preferably two hours. At the end of the cooking time, taste a spoonful of sauce — does it need more salt and pepper? Remember, though, that you are going to be cooking the spaghetti in quite salty water as well as perhaps adding salty grated Parmesan.
  7. Make the pasta: Fill a large saucepan three-quarters full with water and bring to a boil. Just as it comes to a boil, add a tablespoon of salt (there's no real scientific reason for adding the salt now; it's just that it's a good habit to get into because if you add it earlier you won't remember if you've added it or not!). Add the pasta to the pan and stir the water gently until all the pasta is submerged. Set the timer for a minute or two less than the cooking time on the pasta package, but remember to stir it every now and again. Stand a colander in the sink.
  8. Taste the pasta and, when you're happy that it's cooked as you like it, carefully drain it into the colander. Then pour the pasta back into the pan and add the sauce. Stir well and serve, handing around the Parmesan cheese and the grater.